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Chapter 23

Chapter 23

2 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
zachariah

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Chapter 23: Behavioural Contracts
Defining the behavioural contract
o a procedure used to apply reinforcement and punishment contingencies to help ppl manage their own behaviour
o aka a contingency contract or a performance contract
o a written agreement between 2 parties in which one or both parties agree to engage in a specified level of a TB or behaviours
o contract states the consequence that will be administered contingent on the occurrence (or occurrence) of the behaviour
Components of a Behavioural Contract
o there are 5 essential components
o 1) Identifying the TBs
be clear and objective
TBs may include undesirable and/or desirable behaviours
with assistance of a contract manager, client chooses TBs that are meaningful and need of change to improve various aspects of
their lives
o 2) Stating how the TBs will be measured
ppl responsible for implementing the contract (the contract manager or contract participants) must have objective evidnce of the
occurrence of the TBs
must be able to prove that TBs did or did not occur so contingencies can be implemented correctly
acceptable methods include
permanent products of the behaviours (homework sheets)
direct observation and documentation by the contract manager or an agreed-upon 3rd party
o ie. coming home before curfew
if measurements are objective, there can be no ambiguity and therefore no conflict in implementing the contract
o 3) Stating when the behaviour must be performed.
each contract must have a time frame stating when the behaviour must occur (or not occur) for contingency to be implemented
o 4) Identifying the reinforcement or punishment contingency
contract manager uses positive/negative reinforcement/punishment to help client perform/refrain the TB
contingency is written clearly in contract
client agrees to specified level of TB and on the consequence
4 types of contingencies possible in a behavioural contract (positive/negative reinforcement/punishment)
o 5) Identifying who will implement the contingency
contract necessarily involves 2 parties (1 engages in TB, one implements consequences)
contract clearly states who will implement contingency
sometimes both parties agree to engage in a TB, and both implement consequences
Types of Behavioural Contracts
o one party
aka unilateral contract
one person seeks to change and arranges contingencies with a contract manager who implements them
used when a person wants to increase/decrease desirable/undesirable vehaviours
contract manager can be a professional or a friend
must not stand to gain from the contingencies
if they benefit, they may not implement the contingencies fairly
must implement the contingencies as written
sometimes difficult for friends/family to implement
o (might plead/beg/getangryetc)
o must be taught to adhere to contract despite the relationship
less of a problem when they have authority in the relationship (parents)
best if using a trained professional in BM who has no personal relationship with the client
o two party
both parties want a change in behaviour
aka bilateral contract
between parties that have a relationship with each other
typically each party is displeased with some behaviour of the other party
contract identifies behaviour changes that will be pleasing to both parties
the behaviour change of one party acts as the reinforcer for the other
aka quid pro quo contract: one thing is given in return for another
o however one person’s failure can result in the failure of the entire contract
can be avoided if a separate contingency is established for each person’s TBs rather than making one persons
TB the consequence for the other person’s TB
aka parallel contract
o the failure of one party does not influence the TB of the other person
o separate contingencies exist for each person’s behavour
Negotiating a Behavioural Contract
o parties must negotiate the components of the contract so it is acceptable to all involved
o must discuss the
acceptable level of the TB

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Description
Chapter 23: Behavioural Contracts  Defining the behavioural contract o a procedure used to apply reinforcement and punishment contingencies to help ppl manage their own behaviour o aka a contingency contract or a performance contract o a written agreement between 2 parties in which one or both parties agree to engage in a specified level of a TB or behaviours o contract states the consequence that will be administered contingent on the occurrence (or occurrence) of the behaviour  Components of a Behavioural Contract o there are 5 essential components o 1) Identifying the TBs  be clear and objective  TBs may include undesirable and/or desirable behaviours  with assistance of a contract manager, client chooses TBs that are meaningful and need of change to improve various aspects of their lives o 2) Stating how the TBs will be measured  ppl responsible for implementing the contract (the contract manager or contract participants) must have objective evidnce of the occurrence of the TBs  must be able to prove that TBs did or did not occur so contingencies can be implemented correctly  acceptable methods include  permanent products of the behaviours (homework sheets)  direct observation and documentation by the contract manager or an agreed-upon 3 party o ie. coming home before curfew  if measurements are objective, there can be no ambiguity and therefore no conflict in implementing the contract o 3) Stating when the behaviour must be performed.  each contract must have a time frame stating when the behaviour must occur (or not occur) for contingency to be implemented o 4) Identifying the reinforcement or punishment contingency  contract manager uses positive/negative reinforcement/punishment to help client perform/refrain the TB  contingency is written clearly in contract  client agrees to specified level of TB and on the consequence  4 types of contingencies possible in a behavioural contract (positive/negative reinforcement/punishment) o 5) Identifying who will implement the contingency  contract necessarily involves 2 parties (1 engages in TB, one implements consequences)  contract clearly states who will implement contingency  sometimes both parties agree to engage in a TB, and both implement consequences  Types of Behavioural Contracts o one party  aka unilateral contract  one person seeks to change and arranges contingencies with a contract manager who implements them  used when a person wants to increase/decrease desirable/undesirable vehaviours  contract manager can be a professional or a friend  must not stand to gain from the contingencies  if they benefit, they may not implement the contingencies fairly  must implement the contingencies as written  sometimes difficult for friends/family to implement o (might plead/beg/getangryetc) o must be taught to adhere to contract despite the relationship  less of a problem when they have authority in the relationship (parents)  best if using a trained professional in BM who has no personal relationship with the client o two party  both parties want a change in behaviour  aka bilateral contract  between parties that have a relationship with each other  typically each party is displeased with some behaviour of the other party  contract identifies behaviour changes that will be pleasing to both parties  the behaviour change of one party acts as the reinforcer for the other  aka quid pro quo contract: one thing is given in return fo
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