B45: Behaviour Modification
Chapter 20: Self Management
DEFINING SELF MANAGEMENT
Self management- the person engages in a behaviour that alters an antecedent or consequence of the target
behaviour or alternative behaviour.
Self management involves a controlling behaviour and a controlled behaviour; the person engages in controlling
behaviour to influence the future of the controlled behaviour.
•Controlling behaviour- the antecedents and consequences of a target behaviour and/or alternative
behaviours are modified.
•Controlled behaviour- the target behaviour that is influenced in a self management project.
oEx. Murray engaged in a number of controlling behaviours- such as setting goals, self
monitoring, eating a snack at work, arranging to run with others- that it made it more likely that
he would run more often (the controlled behaviour).
TYPES OF SELF MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES
Goal Setting and Self Monitoring.
•Goal setting- the person decides on and writes down the desired level of the target behaviour he or she
hopes to achieve as a result of self management procedures.
•You should set goals that are achievable; when it is achievable you are more likely to be successful in
exhibiting the desired level of the target behaviour.
•Achieving the goal is often the criterion for a reinforcement contingency to be implemented, and early
reinforcement generally increases the likelihood that the person will persevere in the program.
•Goal achievement is a conditioned reinforcer for many people or may become a conditioned reinforcer if
other reinforcers are delivered when the person achieves the goal.
•Antecedent manipulations often are used by people in self management programs to influence their own
•You modify the environment in some way before the target behaviour occurs to influence the future
occurrence of the target behaviour.
•All self management procedures involve antecedent manipulations because the person engages in some
controlling behaviours in advance of the target behaviour to be controlled.
There are 6 types of antecedent manipulations to increase the target behaviour:
i.Presenting the discriminative stimulus (SD) or cues for the desired behaviour.