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Chapter 5

PSYB10 Lec2_Chapter5.docx

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Elizabeth Page- Gould

Chapter 5 – Lec2 The Self • The Self - Knowledge of who we are • Self Awareness - Act of thinking about ourselves - Awareness of the Self as an entity different from environment and others • Mark Test - Experiment: chimps, orangutans and dolphins had a mirror placed in front of them o Later were marked with a red dot on their faces o Realized the image in the mirror was them and noticed that they looked different from before - Same experiment done with babies o Babies around 2 usually noticed o When they realized it was them in the mirror  shows they have SELF- AWARENESS • Self-awareness theory - When we evaluate and compare our current behaviour against our internal standards and values - Become self-conscious; objective, judgmental observers of ourselves • Levels of the self - Minimal self: conscious experience of the Self as distinct from the environment - Objectified Self: cognitive capacity to serve as the object of one’s own (or other’s) attention  Ability to think of yourself as an object - Symbolic Self: ability to form an abstract mental representation of oneself through language • Self-concept & Self-Schema - Self-schema: mental structures that help us to organize our knowledge about ourselves - Concepts/words in semantic network associated with your sense of Self - Self-concept: concept of who you are; everything you know about yourself • Twenty Statements Test o Writing 20 “I am _____” statements o Usually write about personality descriptors and social roles • Implicit Measurement of Self-Concept o Screen shows different personality traits o Click ME or NOT ME button o The faster you click, the more important that trait is to you • Self-complexity o The depth and complexity of person’s Self-concept • Global and Contextualized Self-Concept o Global self – you are that trait all the time o Contextualized – you are that trait when ____ • Working Self-Concept o A subset of your self-concept that is presently accessible o Recently primed aspects, contextually distinctive aspects, “central” aspects of self • Self-Concept Centrality o Some aspects of self-concept are more important than others • Self-Evaluative Maintenance  People feel threatened when someone close to them outperforms them in a domain that is central to their self-concept • Self-Handicapping - Strategy to buffer self from anticipated failure/embarrassment by undermining own performance • Self-verification - Theory: People have a need to seek confirmation of their self-concept whether the self-concept is positive/negative • Multiple Selves • Independent & Interdependent Selves - Independent self: defining oneself in terms of one\s own internal thoughts, feelings, and actions and not in terms of others -->view of Self as distinct from others - Interdependent self: defining oneself in terms of one’s relationships to other people and recognizing that one’s behaviour is often determined by the thoughts, feelings and actions of others - includes other people in one’s view of self • Possible Selves o Type of self-knowledge that pertains to how
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