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Chapter 25

Behaviour Modficiation - Chapter 25 Book Notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Zachariah Campbell

CHAPTER 25: COGNITIVE BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION Some target behaviours may be covert, that is not observable by another individual Defining Cognitive Behaviour Since cognitive behaviour are covert, they cannot be observed directly and recorded by an independent observer The person engaging in the cognitive behaviour must identify and record the occurrence of the behaviour Cognitive behaviour are verbal or imagined responses made by the person that are covert A label for the cognitive behaviour is not a behavioural definition. To say that the person has low self- esteem does not define the cognitive behaviour Example of a behaviour definition When the client sees people talking, he thinks, Theyre talk about me. When the client sees someone walking behind him he thinks, That person is following me. Behavioural excess: an undesirable cognitive behaviour the person seeks to decrease, such as suicidal thoughts Behavioural deficit: a desirable cognitive behaviour the person would seek to increase, such as self- confidence Functions of Cognitive Behaviour Cognitive behaviour can be distressing to the person Can function as a conditioned stimulus (CS) that elicits an unpleasant conditioned response (CR) Can function as discriminative stimulus for desirable behaviours, such as self-instructions Can function as establishing operations that influence the power of consequences to function as reinforcers or punishers Can function as reinforcing or punishing consequences when the follow some other behaviour Cognitive Behaviour Modification Procedures Cognitive restructuring: are designed to replace specific maladaptive cognitive behaviours with more adaptive ones Can be used with behavioural excesses www.notesolution.com
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