Textbook Notes (368,093)
Canada (161,636)
Psychology (9,695)
PSYC18H3 (275)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 textbook notes on Understanding Emotions

4 Pages
96 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
Professor
Gerald Cupchik
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 1 Introduction N Over 2000 years, many have argued that emotions are base and destructive N More novel reaches of human nature are achieved when passions are controlled by reasons. N Perils of particular emotions: Anger as destructive to the self and to social relations. N Emotions as having important functions especially in our social lives. Nineteenth-century founders (Darwin, James, Freud) Darwin : evolutionary approach N Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals N Humans as being descended from other species: we are not only closer to animals than had been thought, but we ourselves are animals N Normal vs. Abnormal N Two questions o How are emotions expressed in humans and other animals? o Where do our emotions come from? N Concluded that emotional expressions derive largely from habits that in our evolutionary or individual past had once been useful. o Analogous triggers of habits ex: Tears that do not function to lubricate eyes N Emotional expressions showed the continuity of adult human behavioral mechanisms with those of lower animals and with those of infancy; vestigal parts of our bodies. o Sneering linked to snarling and preparing to bite o Crying links to infancy, vestige of screaming in infancy. When adults cry, they still secrete tears but have no longer any protective function N Argued for the universality of emotion William James: the bodily approach N Argued against the idea that when we feel an emotion, it impels us to a certain kind of activity. N Instead, when we perceive an object of fear, for example, the emotion is the perception of changes of our body as we react to the fact. N Ex: When we feel frightened, we feel our heart beating, our skin cold, our posture frozen, etc. N Theory is on the nature of emotional experience. N Emotion as a pattern of bodily responses and changes N Emotions gives us color and warmth to experience it affects our perceptions Sigmund Freud: the psychoanalytic approach N Proposed that certain events (usually of a sexual kind) can be damaging that they leave psychological scars that can affect the rest of our lives. N One of the first to argue that emotions are at the core of many pathologies N Freud to Richard Lazarus development of theory of appraisal on the basis of goals N Freud to Bowlby development of theory of attachment Philosophical and literary approaches (Aristotle, Descartes, Elliot) Aristotle: the conceptual approach N Emotions are connected with action N Emotions depend on what we believe, that they are evaluations. We are responsible for our emotions because we are responsible for our beliefs and valuations of the world. N Rhetoric book how do we persuade others? Three principles: o 1) A hearer is more likely to believe a good person that a bad one. o 2) People are persuaded when what is said stirs their emotions o 3) People are persuaded by arguments that seem truthful. N Emotion is defined cognitively, in terms of knowledge A slight has occurred. To be slighted is to be treated with contempt, or thwarted, or shamed. N Rhetoric as a search for truth, by speaking and discussion. N When speaking to persuade, you must know something about the people to whom you speak, about their values, and about the effects that speaking may have on them. www.notesolution.com
More Less

Related notes for PSYC18H3

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit