Chapter 1 notes from textbook - important things to know

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Published on 1 Dec 2010
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Psychology Notes: Chapter 1
Brain imaging t assessing changes in metabolic activity in brain (i.e. Noting where blood flows as ppl
process info)
Amygdala t involved in detecting threat
Psychological Science t the study of mind, brain, and behavior
- Mind: mental activity like thoughts and feelings (senses)/it is what the brain does
- Behavior: wide variety of actions from subtle to complex
FOUR MAJOR THEMES
- The principles of psychological science are cumulative
- A new biological revolution of profound significance is in progress at the dawn of the
twenty-first century, bringing with it a deeper understanding of the human mind and
behavior
o 1 major development: brain chemistry (neurotransmitters)
o 2nd major development: human genome
o 3rd major development: assessing the brain (brain imaging)
- The mind is adaptive t (evolutionary theory, natural selection, adaptations)
o Adaptations t physical characteristics, skills, and abilities that increases their
chances of survival and reproduction
- Psychological Science (the mind and behavior) can be studied on many levels of analysis
o Social, individual, biological, cognitive, neurochemical, brain-systems,
Culture t beliefs, values, rules, norms, and customs that exist within a group of ppl who share a common
language and environment
THE NATURE-NURTURE DEBATE
- Psychological characteristics = nature or nurture?
THE MIND-BODY PROBLEM
- Are the mind and body separate or distinct? Is the mind the subjective experience of the
physical brain
- Sensus communis t location of sensory messages such as vision, touch, smell
- Dualism: French philosopher, rene Descartes promoted first theory that mind and body
were separate yet intertwined
o Body = mechanical machine, but assigned to body manymental functions previously
considered sovereign domain of mind
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Document Summary

Brain imaging j assessing changes in metabolic activity in brain (i. e. noting where blood flows as ppl process info) Psychological science j the study of mind, brain, and behavior. Mind: mental activity like thoughts and feelings (senses)/it is what the brain does. Behavior: wide variety of actions from subtle to complex. The mind is adaptive j (evolutionary theory, natural selection, adaptations: adaptations j physical characteristics, skills, and abilities that increases their chances of survival and reproduction. Psychological science (the mind and behavior) can be studied on many levels of analysis: social, individual, biological, cognitive, neurochemical, brain-systems, Culture j beliefs, values, rules, norms, and customs that exist within a group of ppl who share a common language and environment. Is the mind the subjective experience of the physical brain. Sensus communis j location of sensory messages such as vision, touch, smell.

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