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Chapter 12

Chapter 12 Key Terms & Notes

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY240H1
Professor
S.Cassin

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Chapter 12 – Personality Disorders
Personality: all the ways we have of acting, thinking, believing, and feeling that make
each of us unique.
Personality disorder: is a long-standing pattern of maladaptive behaviours, thoughts, and
feelings. To be diagnosed with a personality disorder, an adult must have shown these
symptoms since adolescence or early adulthood
DSM – Personality disorders are grouped into three clusters, all on Axis II
Cluster A – Odd-Eccentric Personality
disorders
People with these disorders have symptoms
similar to those of people with
schizophrenia, including inappropriate or
flat affect, odd thought and speech patterns,
and paranoia. People with these disorders
maintain their grasp on reality, however.
Cluster B – Dramatic-Erratic Personality
Disorders
People with these disorders tend to be
manipulative, volatile, and uncaring in
social relationships. They are prone to
impulsive, sometimes violent behaviours
that show little regard for their own safety
or the safety or needs of others
Cluster C – Anxious-Fearful Personality
Disorders
People with these disorders are extremely
concerned about being criticized or
abandoned by others and thus, have
dysfunctional relationships with others
Odd-eccentric personality disorders: behave in ways that are similar to the behaviours
of people with schizophrenia or paranoid psychotic disorder, but retain their grasp on
reality.
Paranoid personality disorder: chronic and pervasive mistrust and suspicion of other
people that is unwarranted and maladaptive. People diagnosed with this disorder deeply
believe that other people are chronically trying to deceive them or exploit them and are
preoccupied with concerns about the loyalty and trustworthiness of others.
Schizoid personality disorder: lack the desire to form interpersonal relationships and are
emotionally cold in interactions with others.
Schizotypal personality disorder: tend to be socially isolated, to have a restricted range
of emotions, and to be uncomfortable in interpersonal interactions. Chronic pattern of
inhibited or inappropriate emotion and social behaviour, aberrant cognitions,
disorganized speech
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Description
Chapter 12 Personality Disorders Personality: all the ways we have of acting, thinking, believing, and feeling that make each of us unique. Personality disorder: is a long-standing pattern of maladaptive behaviours, thoughts, and feelings. To be diagnosed with a personality disorder, an adult must have shown these symptoms since adolescence or early adulthood DSM Personality disorders are grouped into three clusters, all on Axis II Cluster A Odd-Eccentric Personality People with these disorders have symptoms disorders similar to those of people with schizophrenia, including inappropriate or flat affect, odd thought and speech patterns, and paranoia. People with these disorders maintain their grasp on reality, however. Cluster B Dramatic-Erratic Personality People with these disorders tend to be Disorders manipulative, volatile, and uncaring in social relationships. They are prone to impulsive, sometimes violent behaviours that show little regard for their own safety
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