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All Educational Materials for PHIL 2003 at Carleton University

Critical Thinking

Exam Study Guides for PHIL 2003

Covers all exam topics.

PHIL 2003 Lecture 6: Oct. 19

Next Midterm: November 7 th Main Issues To be convincing, an argument must satisfy 2 conditions: 1. The premises must be acceptable- there is good reason to believe they are true 2. The premises must provi...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Begging, Clickbait, Straw Man

Informal Fallacies Fallacies= mistakes, or errors, of reasoning that people have a tendency or disposition to commit frequently committed, are psychologically appealing and when reflected on are obvious mistakes ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Groupthink, Cultural Relativism, Cognitive Dissonance

(Readings) The Power of Critical Thinking Lewis Vaughn Critical Thinking= the systematic evaluation or formulation of beliefs or statements by rational standards Logic= the study of good reasoning ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Explanandum And Explanans, Co-Premise, Iceberg

Unstated Premises/Conclusions Counter-arguments= dont count as part of the original argument Repetition= do not include premises or conclusions twice Miscellaneous= ex: jokes, irrelevant information Enthymemes= where ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003 Lecture 4: Sept. 31

Valid If the premises are ALL true, then the conclusion MUST be true It is IMPOSSIBLE for ALL the premises to be true AND the conclusion still false These 2 definitions are equivalent to one another ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Bear Stearns, Wine Tasting

2 mistakes dealing with experts 1. Being too trusting= assuming that everyone who claims to be an expert really is one Accepting a claim based on the persons authority and for one reason or oth...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
David Matheson
PHIL 2003- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 28 pages long!)
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[PHIL 2003] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Barriers to Critical Thinking • What is meant by a "barrier" to C.T.? ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Inductive Reasoning, Logical Form, Deductive Reasoning

The Concept of the Validity and the Distinction Deductive and Inductive Arguments The concept of validity o In ordinary speech the term "valid" is used in rather broad sense. We might say: ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Neuropeptide Y, Immanuel Kant, Galanin

STRUCTURE DIAGRAMS FOR ARGUMENTS Structure Diagrams o All arguments have a logical structure; that is, there will be a particular way in which the premises of the argument combine with on...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Explanandum And Explanans, Iceberg

RECOGNIZING ARGUMENTS AND DISTINGUISHING THEM FROM WHAT ARE NOT ARGUMENTS Recognizing arguments o There are some things that look like arguments even though they are not arguments: The...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Unified Modeling Language, Co-Premise, Immanuel Kant

The basics: analyzing and reconstructing arguments Arguments are essential to critical thinking o We have seen that critical thinking is the process of evaluating beliefs and theories ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Lecture 1: PHIL2003- WEEK 1

Barriers to Critical Thinking What is meant by a barrier to C.T.? o Effective critical thinking requires us to evaluate beliefs and claims objectively on the basis of relevant considerations and reliable evidence. o So any...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: A Priori And A Posteriori

Exercise Involving A Priori Truth and Definitions Instructions: Try to determine which of the following statements can be known a priori and which cannot. Also, for those that are a priori, which are a priori because the...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson
PHIL 2003 Study Guide - Quiz Guide: Vitamin X, Numeracy, Deductive Reasoning

Answers to Sources of Belief Exercises Course Pack, pages 52-57 Exercise 4-2, page 52 1. Reject; the claim conflicts with background information and reliable scientific claims about psychic phen...

Philosophy
PHIL 2003
Ken Ferguson

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