Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
U of G (30,000)
PSYC (4,000)
Lecture 1

PSYC 3710 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Etiology, Speech Disorder, Dyslexia


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3710
Professor
Carol Anne Hendry
Lecture
1

Page:
of 102
Learning Disabilities Chapter
Summaries
Schedule
Week Topic/Evaluation Readings
1
Sept 8, 10, 12
Introduction to course/Introduction to basic concepts Chapter 1 & M-
ED Website
2
Sept 15, 17, 19
Assessment of LD Chapter 2 & 3
3
Sept 22, 24, 26
Learning Disabilities in Context Chapter 4 & M-
ED Website
4
Sept 29, Oct 1, 3
Theories of Learning Chapter 5
5
Oct 6, 8, 10
Midterm #1 /Social- Emotional Chapter 6
6
Oct 13, 15, 17
Related Disabilities (ADHD) Chapter 7
7
Oct 20, 22, 24
LD across Development/ Case Study #1 Chapter 8 & 9
8
Oct 27, 29, 31
Difficulties with Language and Reading Chapter 11 & 12
9
Nov 3, 5, 7
Difficulties with Writing and Math Chapter 13 & 14
10
Nov 10, 12, 14
Midterm #2 / Gifted Learners TBA
11
Nov 17, 19, 21
Autism Spectrum Disorders/ NVLD TBA
12
Nov 24, 26, 28
From Theory to Practice/Case Study #2 Chapter 10
Lecture 1: Introduction (September 8-12, 2014)
Office Hours
By appointment only
Two office locations
oCentre for psychology services (119A)  she usually not there (she comes gets
you)
oOld MacKinnon building (543)
Introduction
Professor, as a clinician has a focus on a development perspective—need to know about
age
Themes
Developmental consideration—considering age and developmental stages
Environmental consideration
oCultural values
oSocioeconomic status
oReligious
oEthnic values
Family constellation and functioning
oFamily status
oBirth order
oSize
Systems—context in which people live
oCommunity
oSchool
oCity
oProvince
oCountry (Canada only)
Introduction to Learning Disabilities (LD) and Special Education (Spec Ed) (Sept
10, 2014)
Preferred language
Currently, the preference in both oral and written communication is to refer to individuals
with disabilities by emphasizing the person, and not the condition
oEx. “A person with autism” versus “Autistic”
o“Sam has a learning disability” versus “Sam is learning disabled”
They are people first
Prevalence versus Incidence
Prevalence is defined as the total number of cases of a condition in the population at a
given time, or the percentage of the population having a particular exceptionality
oEx. the current prevalence in children is roughly 6% or one in 165 children
oPrevail = over time
Incidence is a measurement of the number of new individuals who are identified with a
condition during a particular period of time
oEx. How many children are diagnosed each year with an ASD in Canada
oCan talk about how it is increasing
oIncident = single event
What is Average?
Average actually comes out as a dirty degrading word
oIt does not mean the same thing in psychology
oWe actually mean, right where you should be
Average: Cognitive ability that is appropriate for that person’s appropriate developmental
stage and age
Cognitive abilities are the skills and mental processes that are needed to carry out tasks
and solve problems which includes:
oAdaptability to a new environment or to changes in the current environment
Flexibility
How well can a person adapt to change
Rigid and does not like change (not flexible)
oCapacity for knowledge and the ability to acquire it
The old IQ = just knowledge
oCapacity for reason and abstract thought
There are 2 types of thinking
Crystalized—it is about facts, figures and recall
Fluid—adaptable thinking
oAbility to comprehend relationships
Social intelligence
oAbility to evaluate and judge
Higher order thinking skills
Applying the skills to what we have
oCapacity for original and productive thought
Creativity
Which one has the least amount of impact on whether you do well in school
oComprehending relationships
oAbility to evaluate and judge
oAdaptability to a new environment
oCapacity for original and productive thought
Which one is always picked up on immediately as a problem area
oCapacity for knowledge and the ability to acquire it