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Lecture 6

Lecture 6.2.docx


Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck
Lecture
6

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Curriculum
Reflects society, values, goals, and concept of childhood
- is it applicable in the world?
i.e. subjects once taught in Latin as curriculum created for choir boys who sang songs in Latin
Changes over history
- phys edu, arts, music, and geography once thought to be frivolous subjects
- home economics added later, indicating institution dN think family edu’g child well enough in
household areas
Specific subjects
- sci, hist & geo important if one wants to know abt the world
- reading and writing necessary for socialization into world
t/o NA, recognized tht edu must go beyond simply delivering instruction & info, no matter how effectively
and efficiently they accomplish those goals
- insufficient to meet needs of students who find little meaning/value in school exp’s, who are consumed
w/ nonschool issues tht they are simply unable to take adv↑’s of opportunities tht school provides
Methods Used to Teach
18th c.: teachers were to instruct in intellectual discipline and moral matters
1830s.: - female teachers replaced schoolmasters
- better able than men to act w/ loving tenderness (new ideal of teacher at that time)
- school should be more like home
19th c.: teachers expected to take on role of parent and discipline child when necessary
Ontario expectations of teachers in early 1920s:
- cannot go to beer/ice cream stores as it was inappropriate if their students saw them (many went out of
town for these commodities)
- female teachers could not teach if married, even if husband is not there to look after them if they were
overseas in the army
Later, recognition of teacher’s freedom as people began to realize teachers have lives outside of the school
- still seen as major importance in student’s life
Use of computers and technology
- are we using computer technology not b/c it teaches best, but b/c we have lost will to fund edu
properly?
- do simulations encourage detach from work AND real life?
Trend towards subject-centered curriculum rather than child-centered curriculum
more specialized teachers, indicating curriculum driving teaching tm’s rather than children’s needs
Curriculum has become narrowed toward standardized tests so that children will hopefully not fail
- may d child’s int’ motivation to learn
- little critical thinking involved
Equality of opportunity as aspect of status of children
- not everyone has same chance to succeed in these test-driven sys’s
- inner city schools w/ larger pop’n of English as 2nd lang and lower SES students can hardly perform as
well as suburban schools of pop’n of mono-cultural and mono-racial students
- pupil funding dN give enough for disadv↓’g students
Discipline
MA: phys punishmentuse of birch twigs
16th c.: - flogging became standard routine method of punishment for academic lapses regardless of
rank/age
- as edu became more mandatory (not just for rich), d in motivation to learn for some students,
and thus, i of disciplinary force
- standard practice: corporal punishment
- common to lay child on bench and flog bottom until blood flowed or to strike hand/mouth with
ferula (flat piece of wood expanding into pear shape at end)one blow enough to raise painful
blister
1622: “no other methods of making a scholar than by beating him”
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