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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 In-class Notes [Cholera]

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Health Studies
Caroline Barakat

Lecture 9 - Cholera Until the 19th Century Miasmatic: - Pettenkofer (1818 -1901) - steadfastly refused to believe in the germ thoery - drunk a vial of bacteria contaminated water - disease caused by bad vapour - Contagionists: - Believed the germ theoryannounced by Pasteur (1862) - Koch and Hansen - Diseases spread from person to person by an infectious agent Epidemiology - History of cholera is described as the history of pandemics - 7 pandemics - 1) 1816-1821: originated in India (River Gangs) and was spread by mainly by British troops, headquaters in Bengal - 2) 1829-1851: more widespread, reaching Europe, Canada, and the US 1831-mortality of 13% in Cairo, Egypt 1832-3: 60,000 deaths in England - disease known as King Cholera 1849 - called Americas greatest scourge - 3) 1852-1859: Scientic advances in understanding cholera - 4) 1863-1873 - 5) 1881-1896: hygienic measures stopped its spread to NAmerica - 6) 1899-1923: for teh
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