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Lecture 10

PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Homesickness, Regression Analysis, Reinforcement

Course Code
Michelle Hilscher

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PSYC18 Psychology of Emotion Lecture 10:
1. Emotions in Intimate Relationships
- What is intimacy?
- Three ways to build intimacy
- Threats to intimacy
2. Emotions Within Groups
- Assertion strategies
- Popularity and peer relations
Intimate Relationships
- Differences between intimate & non-intimate relationship?
- 6 domains to consider:
1. Knowledge:
o secret-sharing, confidential information.
2. Caring:
o affection, motivated by affiliation. t help them not because you are obliged to
3. Interdependence:
o strong, enduring impact on each other. - Make time for each other
4. Mutuality:
o ^t_v}^Ç}µv/[_X
o qualities that are unique to you, and qualities that you both share
o The parts that you share t that are most important to you, think of yourself in terms of
that person
5. Trust:
o ^]µ_v}o}vPo]X
o Sharing passwords, no longer constrained by etiquette (no longer tit-for-tat)
6. Commitment:
o Presumed partnership.
o Emotional & monetary investment follows that expectation.
o Assume that the relationship will continue into the future
o You invest yourself, make long term emotional + monetary investments
How to Build Intimacy?
- Often the domain of pop psychology, advice columns, self-help books.
- Usually only focus on intimacy in romantic relationships.
- you should do little nice things (ex: share your weaknesses, should be patient)
- But not much backing to these ideas (anger can actually be helpful)
Will You Be There For Me When Things Go Right? Supportive Responses to Positive Event Disclosures
Gable, Gonzaga & Strachman (2006). In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
- ^For better or worse_Y}vÀv]}vo(}µ}v^(}Á}_X
- µZ}o}}lZ]]vu}(^Àv]o}µ_
o event disclosure t an opportunity for the other partner to tell them about a negative or
positive event that happened to them and seeing how they react
- ,}Á}v[}v}vP]Àe/positive disclosures pertain to intimacy and overall
well-being? t It[s not just how you respond to negative events but positive events too

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Before the Going Gets Tough
1) Quality of intimacy correlates with expectation that partner will provide solid support in times
of distress.
When the Going Gets Tough
- Partners offer each other support. Does it Help?
2) Feeling supported by partner buffers against harmful effects of stress.
3) Negative effects to self-esteem can arise.
- social support due to poor coping ability?
- Positive effects - Offer encouragement, financial support etc.
- negative effects t can lower their self-esteem (feel like they are not able to support themselves)
- µ}]vP}v[v]vÇÇ challenging.
- Á}vPÇ}(µ}v]v]uÇYµZ]]vuÇ(o]v(]}}Z}v
that gives them support t correlated to lower relationship satisfaction, intimacy
How to Help Without Incurring Costs?
- Offer invisible support. - slip money into their bank account (not really invisible)
- But how realistic is this?
- Alternate strategy: focus also on successes
- Emotional support that is comforting t in responding appropriately to small things that go right
(has to make sense in the situation, the right type, the right amount of positive reinforcement)
The Current Study
- Participants:
o 79 dating couples, University of California
o Minimum 6 months together, 43% cohabitating.
- Basic procedure:
o 4 interactions
o W}Z}Àoµ]}vÇZ^]o}_
o Follow-up with couple in 2 months
o Let these people talk to each other, disclose positive and negative events that happened
to them, evaluates the quality of the response given by her partner
The Interactions
- Each partner describes 1 positive & 1 negative event.
- Z}v]^]o}_v^}v_Á]X
- 4 critical interactions.
- What type of events qualify?
o Individual experiences
o Past, present, future
o Ex: physical event only the discloser has lived thru - independent of the other person
o Ex: something I am hoping will happen in the future
o Ex: lost a job, losing a pet when I was a child, fight with the parent, promotion at a job,
complete a marathon
The Post Hoc Evaluations
- ^]o}_Àoµ^}v_(Z]v]}vW
íXZ][~îìì3) Responsiveness scale
- ,}Áµv}}UÀo]U(}^]o}_(oX
- Level of agreement with items such as:
o DÇvÁZ^ou_Y
o DÇv(}µ}vZ^]_}(uY
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