PSY100H1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Paul Ekman, Overjustification Effect, Behaviorism

77 views2 pages

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

PSY100Lecture15Cognition,Motivation,Emotion
“Thereareseveralobstaclestoexperiencingemotioninaconstructivefashion.Byitsvery
nature,thewayinwhichtheemotionalsystemhasevolvedbiasesustowardhaving
destructiveemotionalepisodes”PaulEkman
OverjustificationEffect
● Lossofmotivationandinterestasaresultofreceivinganexcessiveexternalreward
● Experiment:groupofpreschoolerswheregivenandaskedtodraw.Allofthem
enjoyeddrawingpriortotheexperimentandexperiencedinternalmotivationinthe
formofpleasureandsatisfactionfromcompletingdrawingprojects.Somewere
promisedarewardfordrawingwhileothersweregivenasurpriserewardandother
receivednothing.Whenresearchersreturned,theynotedthatthechildrenwho
receivedapromisedrewardduringexperimentwereleastlikelytodraw.
● Experiment:(Video)Whathappenwhenyougiveonemonkeycucumberandother
withgrapes?
GoalsandMotivation
● Despitetheearlydominanceofbehaviouristapproaches,psychologistsnow
recognizetheintimaterolethattopdownprocesses(e.g,meaning,construal,
interpretation)playindeterminghowourmotivationalsystemsfunction
HealthyDevelopment
● Recap:Threepillarsoffundamentalhumanneeds
○ Autonomy
○ Relatedness
○ Competence
● (Talented)Successfulteenagerstudiesusingaexperiencesamplingmethods
○ Teenswhothrivewerefoundtospendamuchhigherproportionoftimein
flowactivities
○ Keyfactoriseffortfulandabsorbedengagement
■ Stayingattuned
toonesepxerienceofenjoymentdependsonthe
appropriatedevelopmentalcontext
● “Theywilltendtoseeinterestandeffort,andplayandwork,asseparatedrealmsas
thatishowtheynormallyexperiencethem”
● Theinnerworking(machinery)thatallowsustobehappyinvolvessocialconnections
withothers.
Emotioniswhatyouare
● Perhapsthemostimportantthingtokeepinmindasyouarelearningaboutemotion
isthatemotionsinvolveyourwholebeingtheyareemotionalprocessesbutalso
cognitiveandphysiologicalproceeses
● Implications:
○ whatyoudowithyourbodyandyourmindistheemotionalexperienceyou
willenduphaving,theemotionallifeyouwillendupbeing
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class