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Political Science
PSCI 2101
Andrea Chandler

PSCI: Concepts and categories in Polisci PSCI 2101A/Chandler Week 12. Review/Conclusion I. Democracy • Definition of democracy • How are democracies formed? • What makes democracies survive? • How is democracy changing? PSCI 2101A/Chandler II. How has the role of society in politics changed? • Social movements and “postmaterialism” • Changes in political parties • “Intersectionality” • The Internet and social media PSCI 2101A/Chandler 11/29/2012 III. How has the state changed in recent decades? • The welfare state: England, United States, China, India • Neoliberal reforms • Globalization and Multi-level governance PSCI 2101A/Chandler IV. Revolution • Causes of revolution • Impact of revolutions: France, China, Russia PSCI 2101A/Chandler V. How does globalization affect politics within states? • The “demonstration” effect and the “third wave” of democracy (S. Huntington, discussed in Ishiyama, 2012; Auer, 2009) The East European revolutions • The European Union and the euro crisis (Fraser, 2009; Rosato, 2011) • Comparative politics o study of domestic internal politics, comparison of how dif politics work in diff countries • Examples of current comparison o Quebec student activism o Western democracy appropriate for non-western countries (Russia, Egypt, Iraq) • France 1789, Russia 1917, Iran 1979 o All are revolutions • Us, Canada, UK, France o Liberal Democracies o Federalism, monarchy sytem o Parlimentary system better than presidential cause leader doesn’t need to go through congress • How are democracies created? Comparision of Canada, Somalia, Philipines o Different historic, cultural, geographic factors make it hard to compare • Global North transcends first, second, third worlds o No second world, collapse of communism o Developing developed industrial ranking system The State • Max Weber’s definition of a state 1. It’s a permanent organization 2. Has defined territory 3. Monopolizes power within its own boundaries 4. Recognized as a legit gov by citizens • Legitimacy • Where most people accept the state and subjects to its laws • Eg collecting taxes> most ppl don’t like it but basic acceptance of government • Which of the following is a state? • France> working gov, stable state • Libya> has territory • EU> not a state, member states are independent • What happens when a state is not legitimate? • State may split • hard to define “legitimate” • Rise of the Modern State : Weber’s 3 stages of historical dvlmpent 1. Traditional> small group claimed they had right to rule 2. Charismatic> one leader built new system based on rapid change 3. Modern> developed a more stable stystem based on permanent authority • Nation-State o Woodraw Wilson Paris Peace Conference 1919 o Idea of self determination of nations: ethnic identity • Regimes o how governments are formed (leaders) o democracy: system ppl choose gov through elections and have real choice, need a constitution o authoritarian: system where are group hold power for indefinite • Citizenship o Citizens have rights and responsibilities (members of the states) 3. Development and Modernization: Inglehart • 3 goals 1. Hypothesis/ variables 2. Concept of development 3. Discuss case study assignment • Development /modernization (Huntington ) o Concept that societies go through particular kinds of change in the modern era • What if modernization is too fast? (Huntington) • Western model to development o Sequence of development o Development of capitalism bringing change in rural areas o Capitalism dvlped produced strong working class o Industrial capitalism • What is Capitalism o Economic system in which individuals first 1. Accumulate property 2. Business formed to produce 3. Distribute and sell goods 4. Hire labour for those purposes 5. Compete with each other for profit 6. Gain profit and benefit from wealth and property • Nics- newly industrialized countries o Developed rapidly in industry in 1970’s o Didn’t follow western path o Democratic institutions. 4. Regimes and Systems: Perry Anderson Regimes • How government is formed • Regime change: when democracy falls replaced by authoritarianism • Democracy, authoritarianism, totalitarianism What is a democracy (Robert Dahl) • People choose gov through o Competitive elections o Freedom of speech, association o Universal suffrage 9. Revolution and Dramatic Change Stephen Auer Post Materialism • Are citizens becoming more secure in their material lives, less interested in creating change (Inglehart) • After world war 2, ppl became concerned with is
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