Study Guides (390,000)
CA (150,000)
McGill (6,000)
PSYC (600)
Study Guide

[PSYC 215] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (186 pages long)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Adam Etinson
Study Guide
Final

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 186 pages of the document.
McGill
PSYC 215
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

PSYC 215: SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
McGill University Winter 2016
CHAPTER 1: AN INVITATION TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
An Invitation to Social Psychology
Foreshadows the main concepts (common themes) that underlie social psychology (the power of the
situation, the role of construal, automatics vs. controlled processes, human evolution, human culture)
Social Psychology
Human psychology is similar in many ways to that of other animals… (i.e. important role of biology and
evolution)
BUT… We are SOCIAL ANIMALS
Human traits have been selected because of evolution
Humans get influenced by rewards
oWhere we have biological influences on how we interact with other people
Awareness is what we have and animals don’t
oFrontal cortex
Human think in interesting ways (frontal cortex)
Humans are social
Characterizing Social Psychology
What is social psychology?
oFrom your textbook: “The scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals in
social situations” (do you know what is the definition of psychology?)
oFundamental questions about human nature and their social world (are we good? Are we evil? Why do
we love? And hate?), but with the application of the scientific method.
From textbook
o “Social psychology offers scientifically grounded answers to questions human beings have been
thinking about since we started to reflect on who we are: Are we rational creatures? How can we find
happiness? What is the proper relationships of the individual to the larger society? How are we shaped
by the culture in which we are raised?”
We share biology with animals
Our thinking processes are evolved that allows us to do things
My brain experiences feelings because we are social
Social Psychology
oSupplement study of psychology  sub-discipline
oFocuses on the individual mind
Explaining human mind and human behavior, but…
oExplaining human mind and behavior is the goal of social psychology
BUT, in doing so, SOCIAL psychology focuses on how SOCIAL SITUATIONS can influence the thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors of an individual
o E.g. do you think I am an extroverted or introverted person?
(in comparison to personality psychology, cognitive psychology, sociology, and other sciences…)
We have a share root of who we are
Question that relate to how humans interact with one another
Social psychology is strongly placed with the scientific method
oIt explains the human mind and behavior and how the social behavior influences mood, behavior and
feelings
The Power of the Situation
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Situations can often determine behavior despite individual differences
Nazi Germany
o Were all Nazi soldiers truly evil people, or were most of them normal people who were following evil
orders?
We often under-estimate the situation
The Milgram Experiment
Shock level increased for each wrong answer
o Shock levels ranged from 15 volts (slight shock) to 450 volts (danger: severe shock)
During the experiment, the confederate begins to scream in pain and to demand that the experiment end
The experimenter, wearing a white lab coat, instructs the participant to continue with the experiment
Despite potential harm to another person, 62.5 percent of participants completed the experiment
oOriginally, it was predicted that less than 1 percent of people would follow instructions until the end
oParticipants were of different ages and social classes, all tested to be “normal” (extensive batteries of
psych tests)
oSame effects were found for women and men
An experiment that the recruited normal people for a learning experience
Was a random draw
For social psychologists it is a strong example of the power of the situation
2/3 of them obeyed an authority figure that kept going  a social influence
Classic example of the power of the situation
SITUATION = social context
oParticipants did not intend to harm another person, yet they behaved in accordance with the situation
(what was the situation?)
BASIC SOCIAL PSYCH QUESTION: How does the (social) situation people find themselves in affect
their behavior, affect the way they perceive their world?
*Power of the situation = big lesson
Social Psychology and Critical Thinking
Many of your courses teach not only facts and methods of research but also how to reason
There is no better way to learn critical thinking than by learning about social psychology
Social psychologists are different from other observers of human nature (e.g. philosophy) in the scientific
method used to test their claims about human nature
Also different from other scientific disciplines (e.g. Biology), as the scientific method is applied in the
context of common everyday events
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version