For unlimited access to Study Guides, a Grade+ subscription is required.
A central characteristic of "management by objectives" is that:
A goals are set by top management and followed without question by others within the organization.B. employees are given complete freedom to set their own goals as long as they are consistent with broad guidelines established by top management.C. goals are set through a process involving all members of the organization.D. it assumes that management must motivate employees since employees are incapable of motivating themselves.
4. Nicole had to go holiday shopping with a bad cold. Her runny nose, headache and sneezing caused her to make her selections quickly without paying attention to quality of her purchases. Nicole's purchase behaviour was the result of influences. a) situational b) personal c) socio-cultural d) motivational e) health-related
A) Always provides greater motivation than a lower order need.
B) Never provides as much motivation as a lower order need.
C) Becomes a source of motivation after lower-order needs are satisfied.
D) Contributes directly to the physical survival of the individual.