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MIDTERM 1 REVIEWCh 1: Introduction to Groups.pdf
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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3430
Professor
Peter Papadogiannis
Semester
Summer

Description
Ch1IntroductiontoGroupsSundayJune2920141125AMGroupsincludestwoormorepeoplewhoareconnectedtooneanotherbysocialrelationshipsAggregatecollectionofindvwhoarepresentinthesameplaceatthesametimebutdonotformaunitCategoriescollectionofpplorthingsthatshareacommonattributeorarerelatedinsomewayNetworkhasrelationaltiesnoboundarygrouphasboundariesGroupsaremoreperceptuallyprominentinEasternWesternculturesCooleydistinguishedbetweenprimaryandsecondarygroupsCartwrightandZanderPlannedgroupsdeliberatelyformedbyitsmembersorexternalauthorityEmergentgroupsformedspontaneouslyaspplinteractwithsameindvArrowandcolleaguesCh1IntroductiontoGroupsSundayJune2920141125AMGroupsincludestwoormorepeoplewhoareconnectedtooneanotherbysocialrelationshipsAggregatecollectionofindvwhoarepresentinthesameplaceatthesametimebutdonotformaunitCategoriescollectionofpplorthingsthatshareacommonattributeorarerelatedinsomewayNetworkhasrelationaltiesnoboundarygrouphasboundariesGroupsaremoreperceptuallyprominentinEasternWesternculturesCooleydistinguishedbetweenprimaryandsecondarygroupsBrianLickelIntimacyprimarygroupCooleysprimarygroupsSocialtaskgroupsecondarygroupWeakassociationcollectiveArrowsemergencycircumstantialgroupCartwrightandZanderPlannedgroupsdeliberatelyformedbyitsmembersorexternalauthorityEmergentgroupsformedspontaneouslyaspplinteractwithsameindvArrowandcolleaguesGranovettersconceptofthestrengthofweaktiesaccountsfortheuniquevalueofsocialtiesCharacteristicsofgroupsInteraction1TaskinteractionactionsperformedbyindvtogroupstasksandgoalsistheregroupworktodayRelationshipinteractionactionsperformedbygrouprelatingtoemotionalandinterpersonalbondshowdoyoufeelaboutthatInterdependenceexperiencesaredeterminedbyothersofgroupandvice2verseUnilateraltopdownapproachonepersoninfluencesothersSequentialinfluenceofonemembertothenextflatorhierarchialReciprocal2membersmayinfluenceeachotherequalorunequalBrianLickelMultileveloutcomeoflargergroupsinfluencedbyactivitiesofsmallerIntimacyprimarygroupCooleysprimarygroupsgroupsSocialtaskgroupsecondarygroupRequiresmembersoutcomesdependinpartontheactionsofothersinWeakassociationcollectiveArrowsemergencycircumstantialgroupgrpAsgroupssizecomplexitymoreformalininstructionStructureorganizedintopredictablepatterns3GranovettersconceptofthestrengthofweaktiesaccountsfortheuniqueRolessetofbehavioursexpectedofpplwhooccupycertainpositionsvalueofsocialtiesNormsconsensualstandardthatdescribeswhatbehavioursshouldandshouldnotbeperformedinagivencontextCharacteristicsofgroupsGoalsoftenstrivetowardsomecommonoutcome4Interaction1GeneratecohortstrategiesthattheywillusetoaccomplishgoalTaskinteractionactionsperformedbyindvtogroupstasksandgoalsChoosingmakedecisionsaboutissuesthathavecorrectsolutionsistheregroupworktodayNegotiatingresolvedifferencesofopinionamongmembersregardingRelationshipinteractionactionsperformedbygrouprelatingtotheirgoalsordecisionsemotionalandinterpersonalbondsExecutingtrackingactioncarryingoutplanmakingsomethinghowdoyoufeelaboutthatNOTtestedonMcGrathscircumplexmodelofgrouptasksInterdependenceexperiencesaredeterminedbyothersofgroupandvice2CohesivenessstrengthofgroupbondslinkingindvtogroupverseCarronBrawleyandWidmeyer1sttomakegroupcohesionUnilateraltopdownapproachonepersoninfluencesothersquestionnaireSequentialinfluenceofonemembertothenextflatorhierarchialCohesionisadynamicprocessthatisreflectedinthetendencyofaReciprocal2membersmayinfluenceeachotherequalorunequalgrouptosticktogetherMultileveloutcomeoflargergroupsinfluencedbyactivitiesofsmallerDonaldCampbellstheoryofentitavitygroupsEntitavityperceivedgroupnessratherthananaggregationofindependentRequiresmembersoutcomesdependinpartontheactionsofothersinunrelatedindvgrpPeopletendtoconsidercategoriestohavehigherentitavitythanAsgroupssizecomplexitymoreformalininstructioncollectionsPplreferredtoasagroupifaggregateisperceivedtobeasingleunifiedunitCommonfatedoindvexperiencethesameoutcomeslesscommonentitavitySimilaritydoindividualperformsimilarbehavioursorresembleoneanotherProximityhowclosearetheindvinthegroupCloseringeographymoreinteractionentitavityMembershipamountsomeoneperceivesthemselvestobepartofthegroupGroupDynamicsthefieldofinquirydedicatedtoadvancingknowledgeaboutthenatureofgroupsCartwrightZanderNotestheinterdependencyofpeopleinevolvinggroupsTheparadigmforgroupdynamicsinvolvescertainbeliefsthatrefineresearchersassumptionsaboutthegroupphenomenonandmethodstheyusetostudythesephenomenaNormanTriplettSocialfacilitationpresenceofothersimpactsonesownperformanceStructureorganizedintopredictablepatterns3RecordedtimeofcyclistscompeteagainstanothervstimealoneRolessetofbehavioursexpectedofpplwhooccupycertainpositionsStudyshowedthatcyclistshadbettertimewhencompetingagainstNormsconsensualstandardthatdescribeswhatbehavioursshouldandanotherthanbythemselvesshouldnotbeperformedinagivencontextKurt
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