There are three approaches to management, scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucratic organization. The three approaches share a common assumption: people in the workplace act rationally by being motivated by economic concerns. Taylor s goal was to improve the productivity of the workforce thus he created the scientific management approach which includes four principals. For every job there are sets of actions that must be carried out, standard work implements and proper working conditions. Handpick employees who have the abilities to perform the job. Train these employees to be able to complete the job and give them incentives to follow the set procedures and etc. Help workers by carefully planning their work and smoothing the way as they go through their jobs. Motion study is the science responsible for reducing the amount of work that has to be done by reducing a task to its simple physical motions. 2. 1 management smarts practical lessons from scientific management.