Textbook Notes (362,896)
Canada (158,081)
Sociology (534)
SOC 103 (110)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

Ryerson University
SOC 103
Tonya Davidson

SOC 103 Chapter 9 – Race and Racialization Minority: category of people who are socially disadvantaged, lack social power, and definable from the majority. (Minority is not represented by number but the lack of power. EX: whites and blacks) Race: a group of people who were physically and genetically distinguished from other groups Racialization: process of attributing complex characteristics to racial categories Internalized racism: members of a racial group assume the attributes associated with that racial classification and incorporate them into their identities Ethnicity: includes majority or minority status, ancestry language and religious affiliation Ethnic Group: collection of people who identify with each other and share a common culture, art forms, language, music, traditions and beliefs Immigration Immigration levels are the result of many forces: displacement of people caused by war, economic growth or collapse, changes in immigration policies, changes in global communication and transportation networks Prejudice, Racism, Discrimination Prejudice: a prejudgment; negative assessment about what a person or group is like before actually meeting them - Long lasting and not based on fact Ecological Fallacy: when people draw conclusions about individual attributes from data gathered from an entire group. Exception Fallacy: when people draw conclusions about an entire group based on observations of individuals Racism: an ideology that maintains that one race is inherently superior to another Discrimination: Occurs when a person or group either denies or grants advantages to members of a particular group. - EX: if you decide not to hire particular people based on your preconceived ideas about what you could expect from the group to which they belong Individual discrimination: when an individual advantages or disadvantages someone because of their group membership Direct Institutional discrimination: occurs when an institution employs policies or practices that are discriminatory against a person or group Indirect Institutional discrimination: occurs when an action produces uneven results on a group or person because of an unlawful criterion, but lacks the intent of being discriminatory (EX: the necessary weight or size it requires to become a police officer or firefighter.) Prejudice and Discrimination Scapegoat theory: asserts that prejudice and discrimination originate in the frustrations of p
More Less

Related notes for SOC 103

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.