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PSYCH 291 (32)
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Chapter Eight.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 291
Professor
John Holmes
Semester
Fall

Description
[ CHAPTER EIGHT ] – AVOIDING THE EINSTEIN SYNDROME: THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVERGING EVIDENCE  Misunderstanding of breakt/ headlines: implication tht all problems in sci solved when sgl, crucial expmt completely decides issue, or tht theoretical advance is result of sgl critical insight tht overturns all previous knowledge The Connectivity Principle  Note: not arguing breakt/ instances dN occur i.e. Albert Einstein’s “Theory of Relativity”  Connectivity principle = new theory in sci must make contact w/ previously established empirical facts  For new theory to be considered an advance, must not only explain new facts but acc’ for old ones A Consumer’s Rule: Beware of Violations of Connectivity  Breakt/ model (aka “Einstein Syndrome”) implies new discoveries violate principle of connectivity - benefits pseudosci & bogus theories, which can claim “newness” - make theory: 1) unfalsifiable; and 2) dismiss previous data as irrelevant (TF) no connectivity The “Great-Leap” Model vs the Gradual-Synthesis Model  Many areas in sci advanced not by sgl, sudden breakt/s but by series of fits & starts  More often multiple expmt’ns & ruling outs + criticisms before any advancement - “Great-Leap”s like
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