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MGHB02H3 Chapter Notes -Absenteeism, Observational Techniques

Management (MGH)
Course Code
Brian Connelly

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Research in Organizational Behaviour
Evidence-based Management: The process of translating principles based on the best scientific evi-
dence into organizational practices
By using evidence-based management, managers can make decisions based on the best available
scientific evidence rather than personal preference and unsystematic experience
The Basics of Organizational Behaviour Research
Hypothesis: A formal statement of the expected relationship between two variables
Variables: Measures that can take on two or more values
Independent Variable: The variable that predicts or is the cause of variation in a dependent variable
Dependent Variable: The variable that is expected to vary as a result of changes to the independent
Moderating Variable: A variable that affects the nature of the relationship between an independent and
dependent variable such that the relationship depends on the level of the moderating variable
Mediating Variable: A variable that intervenes or explains the relationship between an independent
and dependent variable.
Measurement of Variables
Reliability: An index of the consistency of a research subject’s responses
Validity: An index of the extent to which a measure truly reflects what is supposed to measure
February 27, 2011 8:47 PM
Absenteeism - Dependent
satisfaction; How related is the
independent variable to dependent
Mediating; relation-
ship between atten-
dance and bonus
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