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HIST 1001-B Oct. 9, 2012.docx

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Carleton University
HIST 1001
Hal Goldman

-Conquests of Alexander the Great -Inspire others to follow the path of conquest -Brought legacy of Greece, bringer of civilization of Greece -Expected people to speak Greek -Standard language for trade and government -People had to abide by the culture of Greece -> Ecumene (Greek “Worldwide or general in extent) -People in elite level shared the same language and cultural aspects -Hellenistic world -> Swath of territory that has embraced the same culture -Youth centres of teaching sprang up -Brought thoughts into contact with one other -Hellenised Jew-> Versed in Greek life and language -Seek commonalities -> Welcoming other peoples -Philo -> Wrote a history ->Wrote in Greek -Applied Greek culture -> All educated people in the Hellenistic world -Common intellectual tradition -No peasants spoke Greek -Roman empire rests on the Hellenistic world -Spread of Hellenism was world changing -509 BC Final fall of Roman Empire -Democractic -> Absolute dictatorship -Blend West and East -> Bedrock foundation for arts and culture -Height of power -> 200 years of peaces -> Consistent peace with no war -Rome -> Originally made of tiny villages that were on the taiga river in central Italy -Under control from Etruscans (Introduced the Romans to everything) -Ruled over by Romans -509 BC Rome Republic -> Over threw all the Etruscans -Jesus Birth: Republic was done away with -Aristocrats = Patricians and Plebeans = Peasants -Rome grew and because of this, wealthy commoners advocated for changed -> The gained the right to marry with the different classes and to hold the position of powers -Commoner class increasingly gained power -Roman politics -> Balance and beyond 4 Constituents: 1) One or more holding all the power 2) Senate 3) Mass of People 4) (Later on) Army -Senate (Formerly ruled by the people and senate) -Senātus Populusque Rōmānus ("The Senate and People of Rome") SPQR -Senate and people = political authority of state -Senate -> Informal council of elders -> Advisors -Rule lasted as lon
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