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Class Notes for Medical Microbiology and Immunology at University of Alberta

MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: T Helper Cell, Reverse Transcriptase, Cxcr5
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HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) RNA retrovirus infects CD4+ T cells, macrophages and dendritic cells progresses to AIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome no vaccine Subtypes of HIV HIV1: has around 11 subtypes (clade...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 31: Septic Shock, Viral Hemorrhagic Fever, Gram Staining
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Cardiovascular Infections Systemic Infections/Disseminated Infections bacteremia (just bacteria in the blood, does not have to be serious) septicemia/sepsis - evidence of infection + systemic response (e.g. fe...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 30: Gram Staining, Nociceptor, Rabies Virus
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Central and Peripheral Nervous Systems bone and spinal cord are protected by bone bundles of axons make up nerves ganglia - small bodies containing sensory nerve cells located near the spinal column ...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery, Peritoneal Dialysis, Staphylococcus Epidermidis
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Device Related Infections Increased infection risk with insertions such as prostheses (e.g. artificial joints,) pacemakers, intravenous lines Most Common Causes Usually a part of the normal skin flo...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Lymphogranuloma Venereum, Non-Gonococcal Urethritis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
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Disease of the Reproductive Tract Contribute to STIs PID = pelvic inflammatory disease (usually chlamydia or gonorrhea) Cervicitis (inflammation of the cervix), vaginitis, urethritis HSV Genital W...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture 27: Chapter 18 - Urinary Tract and Neonatal Infections
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Urinary Tract Infections more common in females most infections are acute, noncomplicated (e.g. cystitis, urethritis) most common type of nosocomial infection severe infections with complications affect kidney function...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 26: Foodborne Illness, Lipopolysaccharide, Exotoxin
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Transmission of InfectionsIntoxications most are fecaloral transmission Prevention proper disposal and treatment of sewage disinfection of drinking water proper food preparation Intestinal Flora Bacteroides species gram , ...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Hydrogen Sulfide, Lactoperoxidase, Gingivitis
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Mouth, Salivary Glands, Esophagus, Stomach Normal Flora of the Mouth age and dentition (teeth margins) dependent more organismsml in saliva than in feces streptococcus species (mostly alpha)* dominant Infections of the Ora...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 23: Epstein–Barr Virus, Infectious Mononucleosis, Subclinical Infection
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Normal Flora AlphaStreptococci (like acidic pH on mucous membranes) Viral Infections 1. Common ColdPharyngitis 40 relative importance (virus) spreads to sinuses, lower respiratory tract and middle ear 100200 different vir...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, Granuloma, Lymph Node
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Infections of the Lower Respiratory Tract Virus Bacteria Fungi Parasites LRT Infections tend to be more severe Antimicrobial choice may be life saving Mycobacterium tuberculosis leading cause of death from bacterial infect...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Staphylococcus Epidermidis, Human Microbiota, Blepharitis
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Skin poor microbial growth environment (dry, salt, sebum, lysosome, antimicrobial peptides) microbial inhabitants are often gram + washing reduces numbers but does not eliminate normal flora (reestablishes from hair fol...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Bioterrorism, Penicillin, Arthropod
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Normal Flora = Normal Microbacterium animals and humans free of microbes inutero bacteria acquired after birth through mothers vagina organisms colonize through exposure to environment, food, people etc. Respiratory Strep...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Cytoskeleton, Antigen, Polysaccharide
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Primary Pathogens always cause disease, even in healthy immunocompetent individuals Opportunistic Pathogens cause diseases within the right circumst ances (e.g. immunocompromised, diabetes, burn, cancer patients etc.) Pa...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Antigen, Formaldehyde, Antigenicity
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Myths and Facts About Vaccines 1. MR and Autism no evidence, paper was proved fraudulent 2. Too Many VaccinesAntigens there are less antigens than ever now in the new vaccines 3. Toxic Chemicals Used for Preservation Al...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
MMI133 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Fetus, Contact Dermatitis, Cutaneous Condition
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Hypersensitivity immune reactions that can cause tissue damage all hypersensitivity reactions require previous exposure to the antigenallergen 4 Main Types 1. Allergy (Type I) immediate IgE mediated (anaphylactic) general ...

Medical Microbiology and Immunology
MMI133
Judy Gnarpe
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Reflexology, Henry Head, Gallbladder

permacharts TM Reflexology 2nd EDITION HANDS (PALMAR SURFACE) RIGHT ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Vas Deferens, Internal Urethral Orifice, Corpus Spongiosum Penis

p erm a ch art sMT Reproductive System 2nd EDITION Figure 1...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Viral Meningitis, Epidural Hematoma, Meningococcal Disease

p er m a ch a rts MT NNervous System Disorders 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Membrane Transport, Lipid Bilayer, Cell Membrane

p er m a ch ar tsMT Membrane Transport 2nd EDITION GENERAL INFORMATION -...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
College Genetics - Reference Guides

Genetics is the study of heredity and variations observed in living organisms. This comprehensive reference Guide provides a wealth of easily accessible materials that range from genetics basics to the more sophisticated c...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Axillary Lymph Nodes, Thymus, Parotid Gland

p e rm a ch a rts MT LL yymphatic System 2nd EDITION Figure 1: ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Coronary Artery Disease, Aortic Insufficiency, Atrial Septal Defect

permacharts MT MMedical Abbreviations 2nd EDITION A – D A ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Quadriceps Femoris Muscle, Subcutaneous Tissue, Rectus Femoris Muscle

permacharts MT Nursing II 2nd EDITION PREPARATION & ADMINISTRATION OF ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Nursing Theory, Mutual Organization, Therapeutic Relationship

permacharts TM Nursing Theorists 2nd EDITION NURSING THEORY ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Tumor Lysis Syndrome, Acute Kidney Injury

permacharts TM L a bV a lu e s Lab Values for a Non-Pregnant Adult Lab Test Normal Values Application...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Fictitious Force, Body Force, Centrifugal Force

permachartsTM F r e eB o d yD ia g ra m s Introduction d’Alembert’s Principle •frces that act upon them; the procedure involves 2 stepsem...

Basic Engineering
BE 1101
All Professors
Pharmacology - Reference Guides

TM permacharts Pharmacology Pharmacology 2nd EDITION PHARMACOLOGY BASICS harmacodynamic principles p harmacokinetic processes p AD bsorption Movement of drug into the bloodstream oseResponse The relationship between the si...

Computer Science
CSC495H1
All Professors

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