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SDS 353R (15)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7.1.docx

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Department
Social Development Studies
Course Code
SDS 353R
Professor
Geoff Malleck

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[ LECTURE 7 ] THE CHILD AT WORK (THE CHILD AS WORKER)  Work related to status in our society i.e. intimidated/act differently to those who earn more than we do Time Children and Adults Have After Satisfying Physical Needs to Occupy Their Time  Education  Work  Play and leisure  Overemphasis on one precludes others Children’s Labour  Defined as appropriate/inappropriate by society  Children have always worked from antiquity on Medieval Child Apprentice and servant (almost all children in lower class one at some point) 1. Domestic service 2. Field service 3. Apprentice: - all in family atmosphere—jobs defined by age and gender - work meant edu and (u) - first apprenticeship law in 1563; 7-year team (young workers didn’t have to compete, dN get paid but got room and board)(apprentice masters dN lose child either from being lured away for another apprenticeship after so much investment) - child abused, but also some care  Jobs: Baking break, brewing beer, roasting meat, catching animals, craftsman (usually for boys), dressmaking (for girls), field tending (for girls) Industrial Revolution  Started mid 18 c. (ca. 1750), child was cheap labour  Work noisy and dangerous; employers exploited children, so they lost adv↑’s work brought medieval child - simultaneously brought unemployment for adults - no longer treated as accepted member of society (not protected by apprentice master)  Exploited by parents (i.e. lied about age)  Jobs: chimney sweeps, prostitutes, miners, factory workers  18 and 19 century at cotton mill: - worked sunrise to sunset, 6 days a week, 2 ½ days off a year - earned half as much as female worker, and a quarter of what a man earned - in cotton mills, started working as young as 4, and often made up almost half of its work force  If caught fooling around, missed work b/c sick, or ruined product (i.e. shoe)… - made to pay fine (in product’s case, retail price) - missed day’s pay - aar: often more in debt by end of the week than they should have earned  Terrible working conditions  not uncommon for child to have lost a finger/limb  1000s of children often sold by own family to employers  White slave market—selling of girls into prostitution market  Child stealing often done to sell to employers  Owners not responsible for injuries/diseases aar of poor conditions on the job  100s killed on job, w/ avg life expectancy as 33 Evol
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