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Lecture 1

HLSC 3710U Lecture 1: Discussion 2

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Health Science
HLSC 3710U
Milly Ryan- Harshman

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy refers to enlightenment as the period of optimism. It was a time when traditional hierarchical politics and social order was determined by the church, resulting in the sad state of civilization and desperate need of major reforms. This period of change was perceived to be between the mid-17th to 18th century, it was known as the period of Enlightenment which diminished the rule of the French revolution, and the church, as it gave rise to the scientific revolution. With the beginning of the scientific revolution, the right to freedom and equality was given to all. Everyone was entitled to formulate opinions and believe in what they wanted to without having to justify themselves. This freedom came to be because humans were exposed to new found knowledge, courtesy of the great minds present during the th mid-18 century, some of whom included, Voltaire, Diderot, D'Alembert, Montesquieu, Kant, Karl Marx and many more. Through the knowledge they shared, people were granted the knowledge to understand and distinguish the difference between right from wrong, and good from evil (Bristow, 2011). Many philosophers have put forth different ideologies. Take Voltaire and Rousseau for instance, in the Stanford Encyclopedia of philosophy it is stated that “enlightenment could be represented as the enemy of religion depending on how one would perceive it”. Voltaire claimed that religion would guarantee social order. Voltaire believed religion was found in the cultures intellect, whereas Rousseau thought the opposite was true (Harshman, 2017). I agree with Voltaire, as religion is seen as a means to find stability in one’s self and a purpose in life. It begs the question, what are my moral and spiritual values? Some may say that moral and spiritual understanding are inculcated in children since when they were toddlers. Although, as we grow, we tend to formulate our own understanding about things. For example; I was born into a Muslim family, and thus was grown up practicing this specific faith. Some aspects of the religion didn’t make sense to me at first, however, as a child you learn to respect your parents, and so I did as I was ask
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