CRIM 2650 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: This Bridge Called My Back, Marxist Feminism, Angela Davis

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3 Feb 2017
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CRIM 2650 Theories of Criminology Intersectionality
Intersectionality
- Particular norms of intersecting oppression, intersectional paradigms remind us that
oppressions cannot be reduced to one fundamental type and that oppressions work together
in producing injustice
o Race, gender, class, sexuality, nationality, culture, religion
o This takes into account that all of these different categories simultaneously
o “it is difficult to separate what happens to me due to race, gender and so forth”
Intersectionality II
- Origins: Black Feminist Thought
o Kimberle Crenshaw first came up with the term in 1989
It included the marginalization of black women’s experiences within anti-
discrimination laws, anti-racist policies and feminist theory
Experience of oppression is not singular
Category of ‘women’ is not a homogenous group
Race x gender x class
Race and Class cannot be separated from Gender
o Earlier influences of Intersectionality
Angela Davis: Women, Race and Class
Moraga and Azaldua: This Bridge Called My Back
- Interlocking systems of inequalities
o Also called the matrix of domination
o Ideas are shaped by interlocking systems of inequalities (race, gender, class)
o Rejection of binary oppositions due to being oppressed in situations
Individuals can occupy multiple and contradictory positions at the same time
Have to take into consideration, other dimensions such as class, gender and
race because being oppressed in “class” doesn’t mean that person is oppressed
in “gender”
- Intersectionality operates in:
o Macro level: institutional structures of race, class, and gender
Employment market is structured on gender, race, and class hierarchies
Institutions could also include schools and so forth
o Micro Level: Individual interactions shaped simultaneously by structures of race,
gender, and class
This abuse could include employers asking for sexual demands (abuse of
demands)
o Both macro and micro levels of inequalities, must be considered that race, and gender
could be based on class
Intersectional Feminism vs. Marxist Feminism
- Both perspectives overlap focuses and concerns
o Discrimination against women in the workforce, feminization of poverty, etc.
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