CHMA10H3

Introductory Chemistry I: Structure and Bonding

University of Toronto Scarborough

This course will introduce the study of chemical transformations of matter, from a macroscopic and microscopic perspective. It starts with a quantitative description of gases, solids and solutions and develops ideas of bonding and structure in chemical compounds with a particular emphasis on organic and biological molecules. This course includes a three hour laboratory every other week.
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| Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne

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CHMA10H3 Study Guide - Winter 2020, Final - Pearson Education, Polarimeter, Chemical Equation
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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 2e (Tro) Chapter 13 Chemical Kinetics Multiple Choice Questions 1) Given the following balanced equation, determine the rate of reaction with respe2t to [SO ]. 2 SO (g) + O (g) 2 SO (g) 2 2...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Ann Verner
CHMA10H3 Study Guide - Winter 2020, Final - Pearson Education, Sodium Bicarbonate, Formaldehyde
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Chemistry: A Molecular Approach, 2e (Tro) Chapter 15 Acids and Bases Multiple Choice Questions 1) Identify the acid that is in car batteries. A) H SO 2 4 B) HNO 3 C) H2CO 3 D) CH 3OOH E) HF Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 15.2...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Ann Verner
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2017, Lecture 1 - Sodium Acetate, Titration, Chemical Formula
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EXAM REVIEW SCH4U UNIT 1 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY 1. 2. . 3. ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Heinz- Bernhard Kraatz

Semesters

All CHMA10H3 Materials | Fall 2018

CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 39 - Atomic Number, Positron, Atomic Orbital
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CHMA10 Lecture 36: Radioactivity and Nuclear Chemistry - Radioactivity: emission of subatomic particles or high energy electromagnetic radiation by the nuclei of certain atoms o Atoms able to emit this radiation are said t...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Study Guide - Fall 2018, Final - Intermolecular Force, Thermochemistry, Stoichiometry
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University of Toronto CHMA10H Introductory Chemistry I Fall 2018 Final Exam Guide Profs: Zhang, X and Zimer-De luliis, M Topics...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 38 - Trigonal Planar Molecular Geometry, Sigma Bond, Molecular Geometry
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CHMA10 Lecture 35: SP2 Obitals - Ethene is one of the most common molecules that features SP2 orbitals o Ethene is a molecule that features a double bond, one of the main distinguishing characteristics of the SP2 orbital P...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 37 - Vsepr Theory, Electron Density
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CHMA10 Lecture 34: Hybridization - Hybridizing: process of mixing different types of orbitals in the valence shell to make new degenerate orbitals o 3 main types of degenerate orbitals can be forme...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 36 - Valence Bond Theory, Molecular Orbital Theory, Electron Diffraction
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CHMA10 Lecture 33: Valence Bond Theory and Hybridizations - Bringing in 2 half-filled orbitals causes them to overlap o This overlap is responsible for the creation of molecular orbitals via the process ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 35 - Lone Pair, Molecular Geometry, Chemical Polarity
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CHMA10 Lecture 32: Using VSPER to Predict Molecule Shape and Polarity - Summarizing VSEPR Theory o The geometry of a molecule is determined by the number of electron groups on the central Or on all interior atoms if there ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 34 - Bent Molecular Geometry, Trigonal Planar Molecular Geometry, Lone Pair
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CHMA10 Lecture 31: VSEPR Shapes - 1: Linear Electron Geometry: 2 electrons around the central atom o 2 groups occupy positions on opposite sides of the central atom o Bond Angle: 180 degrees ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 33 - Molecular Geometry, Lone Pair, Vsepr Theory
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CHMA10 Lecture 30: Chemical Bonding II - VSEPR theory: electron groups on the central atom in a molecule are most stable when spaced as far apart as possible o Electrons are negatively charged ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 32 - Nitric Oxide, Coordinate Covalent Bond, Fluorine
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CHMA10 Lecture 29: Exceptions to the Octet Rule - Exceptions to Octet Rule o When drawing Lewis structures for covalent compounds, there are a few cases in which the octet rule is not obeyed o Free Radicals: molecules and ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 31 - Chemical Polarity, Electronegativity, Nonmetal
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CHMA10 Lecture 28: Electronegativity Difference, Bond Polarity and Resonance - Bond Polarity and Electronegativity o Polar Covalent Bonds: bond formed when two atoms with a large electroneg...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 30 - Bond Length, Wavenumber, Spectroscopy
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CHMA10 Lecture 27: Bond Vibrations and Length - Bond Length o Average Bond Length: average length of a bond between two particular atoms in a large number of compounds ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 29 - Bond-Dissociation Energy, Bond Energy, Electronegativity
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CHMA10 Lecture 26: Covalent Bond Energy - Covalent Bond Energies o Bond energy is also called bond enthalpy or bond dissipation energy Bond energy: energy needed to break 1 mol of the bond in the gas phase Measuring it all...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture 28: CHMA10 Lecture 25
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CHMA10 Lecture 25: Lewis Structures and Ionic Bonding Model - Lewis Structures: an introduction to covalent bonding o Bonding Pair electrons: shared pair of electrons associated with the bond o...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 27 - Electronegativity, Electron Configuration, Octet Rule
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CHMA10 Lecture 24: Characterizing Chemical Bonds - Covalent Bonds: bonds involving the sharing of electrons between non-metals o The high ionization energy of metals makes it hard to steal electrons from t...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 26 - Valence Electron, Ionic Bonding, Lewis Acids And Bases
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CHMA10 Lecture 23: Chemical Bonding and Lewis Theory Textbook chapter 9 - Bonding Theory: explains why atoms come together to form molecules o Explains why some combinations of atoms are stable while othe...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 25 - Ionic Radius, Electron Configuration, Ion
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CHMA10 Lecture 22: Periodic Trends part 2 - Electron configuration of anions in their ground state o Anions are formed when non-metal elements gain enough electrons to have 8 valence elect...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 24 - Effective Nuclear Charge, Valence Electron, Electron Configuration
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CHMA10 Lecture 21: Periodic Properties of the Elements - Properties and electron configuration o Elements in the same column have been discovered to have similar chemical and physical properties Likely due to their same nu...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 23 - Quantum Mechanics, Dmitri Mendeleev, Periodic Table
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CHMA10 Lecture 20: Finishing Quantum Mechanics - Multi-Electron atoms: energy of sublevels (s, p, d, f) differs based on how far they are to the nucleus o Order of the energy of sublevels from leas...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 22 - Magnetic Quantum Number, Angular Momentum
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CHMA10 Lecture 19: Quantum Mechanics - Chapter 7 from textbook - 7.5: Quantum Mechanics and the atom - Orbital: region of probability where electrons are likely to be found - Degenerate orbitals: orbi...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 21 - Freezing-Point Depression, Gas Constant, Formula Unit
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CHMA10 Lecture 18: Finishing Colligative Properties - Freezing Point Depression: the freezing point of a solution is lower than the freezing point of a pure solvent when a non-volatile solvent is added to i...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 20 - Partial Pressure, Supersaturation, Gas Constant
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CHMA10 Lecture 17: Exploring Solutions and Solubility - Pressure dependency of gas solubility in water o The larger the partial pressure of a gas in contact with a liquid, the more soluble ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 19 - Intermolecular Force, Solution Process, Joule
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CHMA10 Lecture 16: Understanding Intermolecular Forces and Solution Formation - Chapter 12 - Solutions: homogenous mixtures o Eg: when mixing salt and water, salt will disappear ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 14 - Cubic Crystal System, Coordination Number
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CHMA10 Lecture 14: Solids and their Properties - Crystal Lattice: the arrangement of particles in a crystalline solid o Unit cell: the smallest unit of crystal lattice that shows the pattern of ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 13 - Boiling Point, Dynamic Equilibrium, Exothermic Process
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CHMA10 Lecture 13: Properties of Liquids Supercritical Fluids: substances in this phase have properties of both liquids and gases o Cannot distinguish whether the substance is a liquid or gas while it is supercritical o U...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 12 - Boiling Point, Vapor Pressure
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CHMA10 Lecture 12: Temperature Dependence of Vapor Pressure and Boiling Point - When the temperature of a liquid is increased, its vapor pressure also increases o The higher temperature results in more the...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 11 - Intermolecular Force, Surface Tension, Vaporization
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CHMA10 Lecture 11: Defining Intermolecular Forces part 2 - Liquid Surface Tension: on the surface of water the molecules have minimal intermolecular interactions compared with molecules lower down ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 10 - Carbon Tetrachloride, Intermolecular Force, Ionic Compound
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CHMA10 Lecture 10: Intermolecular Forces in Action - Attractive forces and solubility o When dissolving something, the saying like dissolves like often applies, why is this? ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 9 - Intermolecular Force, Atomic Orbital, Molar Mass
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CHMA10 Lecture 9: Defining Intermolecular Forces - There are three types of intermolecular attractive forces o 1: Dispersion Forces: temporary polarity caused by unequal electron distribution ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture 8: CHMA10 Lecture 8
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CHMA10 Lecture 8: Liquids, Solids, and Intermolecular Forces - Solids come in two different forms o 1: Crystalline Solids Salts and diamonds Very ordered struc...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 7 - Heat Capacity, Chemical Equation
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CHMA10 Lecture 7: Summarizing Calorimetry and Relationships Involving Enthalpy Changes - 6.7: Constant Pressure Calorimetry o Commonly known as coffee cup calorimetry o Utilized to determine t...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 6 - Calorimetry, Calorimeter, Exothermic Process
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CHMA10 Lecture 6: Measuring Internal Energy Changes and Enthalpy - 6.5: Measuring Changes in Internal Energy for Chemical Reactions o Any change in the internal energy of a system must include 2 components...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 5 - Thermal Energy, Jmol, Ideal Gas Law
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CHMA10 Lecture 5: Quantifying Heat and Work - 6.4: Quantifying Heat and Work o Heat (q): The transfer of thermal energy due to a temperature difference between the system and surroundings ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 4 - Thermodynamics, Internal Energy
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CHMA10 Lecture 4: Introduction to Thermochemistry - Heat (q): the flow of thermal energy from one system to the surroundings due to the temperature difference between them o Heat flow will stop w...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 3 - Molar Mass, Limiting Reagent, Reagent
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CHMA10 Lecture 3: Reaction Stoichiometry, Yields, and Solution Concentrations - Disproportion Reactions: reactions where a reactant undergoes both oxidation and reduction - 4.7: Reaction Stoichiometry ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 2 - Sodium Hydroxide, Ammonia, Chemical Equation
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CHMA10 Lecture 2: Acids/Bases and Redox Reactions - Chapter 4.5-4.6 - 4.5: Acid/Base Reactions o The following is one of the simplest and most common acid/base reaction HCl ...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
CHMA10H3 Lecture Notes - Fall 2018, Lecture 1 - Aqueous Solution, Chemical Equation, Stoichiometry
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CHMA10 Lecture 1: Chemical Review and Stoichiometry - Chapter 4 in textbook - 4.3: Solutions and Solubility o Solution: a homogenous mixture of two or more substances Electrol...

Chemistry
CHMA10H3
Marco Zimmer-De Iuliis, Xiaoan Zhang, Scott Ballantyne
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