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Chapter 4

Chapter 4 Socialization and Social Interaction.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 103
Professor
Tonya Davidson
Semester
Fall

Description
SOC103 How Society WorksCHAPTER 4 Socialization and Social InteractionMODULE 41Becoming HumanPersonality an individuals relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelingsNature versus nurture the debate over whether biological forces or environment define the person we becomeSocialization lifelong process by which we learn our culture develop our personalities and become functioning members of societySocial interaction the ways in which people interact in social settings which recognizing each persons subjective experiences andor intentionsTHE NATURE ARGUMENT BEING BORN YOUSociobiology science that uses evolutionary theory and genetic inheritance to examine the biological roots of social behaviour o Core assertion is that social behaviour among humans like all organisms evolved over time to secure the survival of the speciesEvolutionary psychology a relabelled form sociobiology to explain human behaviourOverall assertion that human behaviour is determined by genetics remains contentious and limited support in social sciences o Suggests biological theories of behaviour disregard the ability of humans to think before they actTHE NURTURE ARGUMENT LEARNING TO BE YOUWe become the people we are through social interaction is what happens when young children are isolated from human contactIsolates children raised in social isolationGenetic makeup nature gives us the capacity to be social beings but it is the process of social interaction nurture that enables us to develop that capacity MODULE 42The Development of SelfSOCIOLOGICAL INSIGHTSSelf ones identity comprising a set of learned values and attitudes that develops through social interactions and that defines ones selfimageSelfimage an introspective composition of various features and attributes that people see themselves asThe self is a key component of personalitydefined as individuals relatively stable pattern of behaviours and feelings Charles H Cooley to be aware of oneself one must be aware of society selfconsciousness and social consciousness are inseparable because people cannot conceive of themselves without reference to othersThreestep process of the self 1 We imagine how we look to othersboth physically and socially 2 We imagine how others look at us and pass judgement on what we present 3 Based on what we imagine a selfconcept developsGeorge H Mead the self is composed of two complementary elements 1 I the element of self that is spontaneous creative impulsive and unpredictablePart of consciousness that responds to things emotionally 2 Me the socialized element of the selfPart of consciousness that thinks about how to behave helps control the spontaneous impulses of the ISignificant others people we want to impress or gain approval fromGeneralized other a compilation of attributes associated with the average member of society represents an individuals appreciation that other members of society behave within certain socially accepted guidelines and rules
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