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Class Notes for Philosophy at Brock University

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PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Ahamkara, Dvaita, Buddhi

MANDUKYA UPANISAD 1. Om! -- This syllable (aksara) is this whole world [everything]. Its further explanation is: the past, the present, the future -- everything is just the word Om. And whatever else that transcends [or is...

Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Upanishads, Dukkha, Time Complexity

The Upanishads ric brown Pre-philosophical features of Indian thought. Common assumptions which underlie (our) thinking. Myth: those structures through which we understand our world. 1. time 2. karma 3. duhkha = suffering ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Saguna Brahman, Ahamkara, Namarupa

THESE ARE THE QUESTIONS YOU WILL FIND ON YOUR PHIL 1F90 PROGRESS EXAM PART I: Platos Phaedo (Total value: 70). All students must answer Question One (the mandatory question worth 40) and then one (1) of the remaining Plato...

Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Saguna Brahman, Ahamkara, Upanishads

THESE ARE THE QUESTIONS YOU WILL FIND ON YOUR PHIL 1F90 PROGRESS EXAM PART I: Platos Phaedo (Total value: 70). All students must answer Question One (the mandatory question worth 40) and then one (1) of the remaining Plato...

Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
PHIL 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Grandma Moses, Marine Biology, Lorenzo Ghiberti

Please print and take it with you to your SECOND Philosophy seminar. Have fun with it. ric You have been selected to chair a meeting of Miracle Hospitals Board of Ethics. You have been asked, along with your committee, to ...

Philosophy
PHIL 1F90
Richard Brown
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Jack Layton, First-Order Logic, Logical Form

For an argument to have its conclusion accepted then it must have true premises, but valid arguments are more than that, as illustrated by the following example. No NDP leader has been elected as prime minister. Jack layto...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Reductio Ad Absurdum, Presupposition

A - supposition After all the sub proofs, you end up with a contradiction This means, you can conclude ~A Looks like A + ~A 1. S T 2. Sv(~R+U) a. R presupposition of conditional proof i. ~T presupposition of conditional pr...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Modus Tollens, Destructive Dilemma, Conditional Proof

P or Q Where both disjuncts lead to nonsense Simple constructive dilemma PvQ P R Q R Therefore R Complex constructive dilemma PvQ P-->R Q-->S Therefore RvS Simple Destructive dilemma P R P S ~Rv~S Therefore, ~P Complex des...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Modus Ponens, Conditional Proof, Logical Biconditional

P > Q P if, and only if, Q Example I will go with you if, and only if, you go to the movies You do not go to movies Therefore, i do not go with you P > Q ~Q ~P P > Q Same as (p-->Q) + (Q--->P) (biconditional equivalence) E...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Modus Tollens, Modus Ponens, Conditional Proof

~D B(CvD) CD ~ C (1, 3, modus tollens) ~C + ~D (1, 4, conj) ~(CvD) (5, DM) ~B (2,6, modus tollens) Example of conditional proof (prove A (B+C)) 1. A B 2. A C a. A (supposition of a conditional proof) b. B (Modus ponens, 1,...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Modus Tollens, Syllogism, Double Negative

P q ~q Therefore, ~p MODUS TOLLENS Can say ~~P (not NOT P) = P Must keep in mind fallacies of denying the antecedent and affirming the consequent Exercise 4.2 4-13 Simplification P Q becomes P Q Conjunction P Q PQ Conjunc...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Ad Hominem, False Dilemma, Begging

A D D (B C) B A A (B C) B C C Must get C P is the antecedent Q is the consequent Formal fallacies Denying the antecedent is always invalid If P q ~p Then ~q Example: If the bell rings then the dog barks The bell did not ri...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Modus Tollens, Modus Ponens

Valid arguments cannot have true premises and false conclusion Must construct argument of same form but with true premises and false conclusion If this is possible, this is invalid form 1) P1 All Philosophers are thinkers ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
PHIL 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Validity, Enthymeme

Sept 10, 2018 In natural language, there are words which are indicators of conclusion Therefore thus so Signal process of reasoning at work Not always indicator Premise indicators and conclusion indicators Explanations vs ...

Philosophy
PHIL 2P25
Brian Lightbody
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Dualism (Philosophy Of Mind), Ethical Egoism, Noumenon

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM PPhilosophy METAPHYSICS I: UNIVERSALS ...

Philosophy
PHLD79H3
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