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BIOL108 (34)

Class Notes for BIOL108 at Macquarie University

Human Biology

BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek, Matthias Jakob Schleiden, Rudolf Virchow

HUMAN BIOLOGY The Cell Theory 1. Organisms are composed of one or more cells 2. All cells arise from pre-existing cells 3. The cells is the smallest unit of life Discovery of Cells Robert Hooke (1635- 1703) Examine...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 28: Proteinoid, Lipid Bilayer, Liposome

24 of May 2018: Origin of Life The Prebiotic Soup: The atmosphere of newly cooled earth contained a mixture of gases: water vapour, hydrogen, methane, nitrogen, ammonia and carbon dioxide. Origin of Biological M...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 29: Homo Naledi, Homo Habilis, Graecopithecus

28 of May 2018 Human Evolution Hominid Evolution: Graecopithecus Freybergi lived in wooded grassland in Europe about 7.2 million years ago which is possibly the earliest hominin ...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture 27: Evolution

22 nd of May 2018: Evolution Evolution: Animals change over time due to evolution and animals needing to adapt to the environment. Changes occurs simultaneously Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace: Darwin did not conceive th...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture 26: Humans and Biosphere

21 of May 2018: Lecture 30 Humans and Biosphere An Ecological Disaster Easter Island: It is a volcanic island in the subtropics There use to be forests and multiple species on this island The forest began to degenerate bec...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 25: Polyp, Hydrothermal Vent, Mycorrhiza

17 of May 2018: Lecture 29 - Symbiosis Symbiosis: Interaction between two organisms that either benefit or harm each other o Types of symbiotic associations and their relative benefits: Commensalism: one partn...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Activated Sludge, Settling, Laundry Detergent

15 of May 2018: Lecture 28 Microbes and Humans Fermentation in Food Processing: Fermentation: the microbial activity converts carbs into lactic acids or alcohol under anaerobic conditions. The low pH or the alcoho...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 22: Commensalism, Escherichia Coli, Protozoa

14 of May 2018: Lecture 27 The Microbiota Q1: Microorganisms found in or on the human body: a) Always cause disease b) Can never cause disease c) Have highest densities in the large intestine ...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Intracellular Parasite, Chromosome, Subtypes Of Hiv

10 of May 2018: Lecture 26 Human Disease: Population and Diseases: Human population has rapidly expanded by spreading into new habitats, increasing the carrying capacity of these habitats, and by tapping into ...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Wollemia, Thylacine, Extremophile

8 of May 2018: Lecture 22 Biodiversity: Biodiversity: It is the total variability of life on Earth Species and Diversity: A group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring 1.5 million living species How...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Polymerase Chain Reaction, Dna Profiling, Dna Sequencer

1 and 3 of May 2018: Lecture 22 and 23 DNA Technology: Q1: Restriction enzymes: a. Only act on a limited range of substrates b. Are found in bacteriophage c. Recognize and cleave specific DNA se...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture 19: Cancer

7 of May 2018: Lecture 21 Cancer Q1: The function of M and S cyclinkinase complexes is to: a) Move organelles around the cell b) Control cell division c) Fix carbon dioxide in the Krebs cycle d) Ensure equal numbers of chr...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture 17: Inhertiance

30 of April 2018: Lecture 21 Inheritance Diversity, Mutation, Sex Determination and Family Trees: Diversity arises from differences in DNA sequence: The DNA sequence of any particular gene is usually very similar within sp...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Disulfide, Sickle-Cell Disease, Alpha Helix

12 April 2018: Lecture 20 Mutation Definitions: Gene: the DNA coding for a particular protein Locus: the location of a specific gene on a chromosome Alleles: all the different forms of the gene coding for a partic...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
BIOL108 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Drosophila Melanogaster, Molecular-Weight Size Marker, Francis Crick

9 and 10 April 2018: Lecture 18 and 19 DNA Structure Puzzle of molecule heredity: Experiments with the Drosophila Melanogaster showed that inheritance of characters such as eye colour corresponded with inheritance...

Biology
BIOL108
Michael Gillings
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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