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Class Notes (1,031,297)
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BIOL213 (31)

Class Notes for BIOL213 at University of Wollongong

Principles of Biochemistry

BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Enzyme Kinetics, Enzyme, Specific Activity

Enzyme kinetics I Understanding Enzymes There are several approaches to study the mechanism of action of purified enzymes Enzyme Kinetics Study the REACTION RATE and the effects of VARYING THE CONDITIONS of the reaction Ki...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Cellular Respiration, Endergonic Reaction, Hydrolysis

Bioenergetics and Metabolism Bioenergetics How living systems make use of free energy o The study of energy transformations in living systems How organisms o Gain energy o Channel energy o Use energy Metabolism The overall...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Transcription Bubble, Central Dogma Of Molecular Biology, Deoxycytidine Triphosphate

Transcription in Prokaryotes Flow of genetic information revision Prokaryote vs Eukaryote Structure impacts on processes of the central dogma Description of the transcription ...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Start Codon, Genetic Code, Transfer Rna

Introduction to translation Translation mRNA tRNA o Structure o Anticodons o charging with amino acids o Wobble Ribosomes Flow of genetic information ...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture 11: TRANSCRIPTION IN EUKARYOTES

Transcription in Eukaryotes The differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic transcription Transcription in eukaryotes: o Requires 3 different RNA polymerases o Is uncoupled from translation o Primary transcripts are gre...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: N-Terminus, Protein Folding, Cytochrome C

Peptides and proteins Proteins: Heteropolymers (monomer is a single amino acid) of covalently linked alpha amino acids Main agents of a wide range of biological function o Catalysis ...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture 5: SEPARATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF PROTEIN

Separation and characterisation of proteins Cells, tissues and body fluids contain thousands of proteins entire protein compliment known as PROTEOME A mixture of proteins can be separated: o Separation relies on difference...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture 4: NUCLEOTIDES

Nucelotides and nucleic acids Both DNA and RNA are nucleic acids polymers composed of nucleotides Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) o Genetic material makes up chromosomes; stores information as genes. VERY LARGE AND STABLE Ribo...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Conjugate Acid, Equilibrium Constant, Acid Dissociation Constant

The amino acids characteristics Water is slightly ionized pH log10 [H+] Inversely related to the H+ concentration Strong acidsbases dissociate completely in water Weak acidsbases do not completely dissociate in water o Beh...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Glycobiology, Ketose, Aldose

Carbohydrates and Glycobiology Classification Carbohydrates what are they? Named because many have the formula (CH2O)n Also known as saccharides or sugars Produced from CO2 and H2) via PHOTOSYNTHESIS in plants Range from a...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Iupac Nomenclature Of Organic Chemistry, Carboxylic Acid, Amine

The amino acids structures and properties Amino acids are: Highly versatile Have properties that are well suited to carry out a variety of biological functions: o Capacity to polymerise (into peptides an...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Trans Fat, Deep Frying, Dehydrogenation

Lipids Lipids: structurally diverse class Organic molecules that are characterised by low solubility in water (hydrophobic) 1. Fats and oils primarily used as dense forms of energy storage 2. Phosph...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: Cellular Respiration, Endergonic Reaction, Membrane Potential
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Lecture 19 Bioenergetics and Metabolism Bioenergetics: The study of how living systems make use of free energy> the study of energy transformations in living systems. It looks at how organisms gain energy, channel energy a...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Post-Translational Modification, Metabolic Pathway, Enzyme
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Lecture 18 Enzyme Regulation Enzyme regulation: Key enzymes in each metabolic pathway are regulated so that each type of molecule is produced in a quantity appropriate to the current requirements of the cell. If enzymes we...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
BIOL213 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Enzyme Catalysis, Enzyme, Nucleophile
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Lecture 15 Enzymes and how they work Enzymes: Enzymes are catalysts > they increase reaction rates without being used up Most enzymes are globular proteins, however some RNA also catalyse reactions. ...

Biology
BIOL213
Heath Ecroyd
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, Flexor Pollicis Longus Muscle, Abductor Digiti Minimi Muscle Of Hand

perm ach artsMT T rigger Points II: Extremities T rigger Points II: Extremities ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Sacral Plexus, Lumbar Plexus, Sympathetic Ganglion

pe rm a ch ar ts MT Spinal Cord 2nd EDITION Figure ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Multicellular Biology - Reference Guides

This Guide is the progressive companion to the Cellular Biology title. The complexities of human physiology are made much clearer through the bright graphics and intelligently coordinated text boxes and glossaries that are...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Levator Veli Palatini, Orbicularis Oculi Muscle, Scalene Muscles

Muscular System: pe rm ac ha rts MT Head & Torso 2nd EDITION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Heart Valve, Inferior Vena Cava, Pulmonary Valve

permacharts TM Cardiovascular Physiology 2nd EDITION HEART STRUCTURE & FUNCTION ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Meiosis, Nuclear Membrane, Nuclear Pore

l e a r n • r e f e r e n c e • r e v i e w permacharts TM CCellular Biology BIOLOGY BASICS C...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Cellular Respiration - Reference Guides

The specific aspects of cellular respiration are explained in this helpful Guide. The fundamental processes such as the electron transport chain, proton pumps, ATP synthetase, and glycolysis are each described with helpful...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Submandibular Duct, Parotid Duct, Palatine Tonsil

pe rm a ch a rtsMT DDigestive System 2nd EDITION Fi...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Antigen-Presenting Cell, Memory T Cell, Clonal Deletion

permacharts TM IImmunology 2nd EDITION G ENERAL INFORMATION - AN OVERVIEW ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 14
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superior Frontal Sulcus, Inferior Parietal Lobule, Superior Frontal Gyrus

p erm ac hartsMT Brain 2nd EDITION FIGURE 1: GROSS ANATOMY (LATERAL VIEW) ...

ANAT - Anatomy
ANAT 173
All Professors
Permachart - Marketing Reference Guide: Superficial Palmar Arch, Costocervical Trunk, Thyrocervical Trunk

p erm a ch ar tsMT CCirculatory System 2nd EDITION Figure...

Biology
BI 361
All Professors

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